panels are installed on the houses in a village in Wuyi Mountain in Fujian
BEIJING - China's Information Office of the State Council issued the
country's first ever white paper on its energy conditions and policies in
Beijing on Wednesday.
The 16,000-word paper comprises 10 chapters: the preface; Current situation
of energy development; Strategy and goals of energy development; All-round
promotion of energy conservation; Improving the energy supply capacity;
Accelerating the progress of energy technologies; Coordinating energy and
environment development; Deepening energy system reform; and Strengthening
international cooperation in the field of energy;conclusion. [Click to read the full
"China's energy development emphasizes thrift, cleanness and safety," says
the white paper titled "China's Energy Conditions and Policies".
The basic themes of China's energy strategy give priority to thrift, relying
on domestic resources, encouraging diverse patterns of development, relying on
science and technology, protecting the environment, and increasing international
cooperation for mutual benefit,the paper says.
China's energy resources abound. However, with a large population, the
per-capita average of energy resources is very low, it says.
According to the white paper, the per-capita average of both coal and
hydropower resources in China is 50 percent of the world's average, while the
per-capita average of both oil and natural gas resources is only about 1/15 the
world's average. The per-capita average of arable land is less than 30 percent
of the world's average, something which has hindered the development of biomass
"For a long time China has relied largely on domestic energy resources to
develop its economy. The rate of self-sufficiency has been above 90 percent,
much higher than that in most developed countries," the paper says.
It says China's energy-saving effects are conspicuous. During the period
1980-2006, the country's energy consumption increased 5.6 percent annually,
boosting the 9.8 percent annual growth of the national economy.
China is accelerating its development of a modern energy industry, taking
resource conservation and environmental protection as two basic state policies,
the paper says.
"China's energy development will make positive contributions to the world's
energy security and stability," the white paper emphasizes.
As the world's second biggest energy producer, the paper says, China has a
relatively strong foundation for energy production and supply.